There are two parts to this paper. Here is the prompt: Part 1: ANSWER EACH QUEST

There are two parts to this paper. Here is the prompt:
Part 1: ANSWER EACH QUESTION OF CHAPTERS 7, 8, AND 9 FOR A TOTAL OF THREE (3) QUESTIONS. (60% of this exam)
Chapter 7 – Social Process Theory (20%)
1. If negative labels are damaging (as set forth in Cultural Deviance Theory), do positive ones help insulate children from crime-producing forces? Has a label, either positive or negative, ever affected your life? In what way?
Chapter 8 – Social Conflict and Critical Criminology (20%)
2. An argument could be made that today’s social conflict in this country is more a function of race conflict than class conflict. For example, there seems to be a demonstrable resurgence of “White Supremacy” these days. What do you think fueled this resurgence? How might it be addressed?
Chapter 9 – Developmental Theories (20%)
3. One person gets a 1600 on the SAT. Without knowing this person, what personal, family, and social characteristics would you assume he or she has? Another person becomes a serial killer. Without knowing this person, what personal, family, and social characteristics would you assume he or she has experienced? If “bad behavior” is explained by multiple problems, is “good behavior”’ explained by multiple strengths?
Part II – THIS ONE YOU ARE REQUIRED TO ANSWER (40% of this exam)
During the course of the semester, we have examined a number of theories as to why people commit crime. Among these theories are the following:
1. Rational Choice
2. Biological Trait Theories
3. Psychological Trait Theories
4. Social Structure Theories, including
a. Social Disorganization Theory
b. Strain Theories
c. Cultural Deviance Theories
5. Social Process Theories, including
a. Social Learning Theories, such as
(1) Differential Association Theory
(2) Neutralization Theory
b. Social Control Theory (Social Bonds)
c. Social Reaction Theory (Labeling)
6. Social Conflict, Critical Criminology, and Restorative Justice, including
a. Left Realism
b. Critical Feminist Theory
c. Peacemaking Criminology
d. Reintegrative Shaming
e. Disintegrative Shaming
f. The Process of Restoration
7. Developmental Theories, including
a. Life Course Theory (Onset, Persistence, Desistence)
b. Propensity Theory (or Latent Trait Theory)
c. Trajectory Theory (Pathways to Crime)
Assume that you are hosting a visitor from the Planet Ork. This visitor is interested in the general subject of criminology, and in particular, he has been tasked by his Home Planet to formulate and recommend policies for his government which would be aimed at reducing recidivism, that is, the rate at which convicted criminals re-offend. In order to do so, he needs your insight as to why people commit crime in the first place. Accordingly, he asks you why you think people commit crime.
You show your guest the above list, trying to be thorough, and he says, “you’re giving me a list of more than a dozen reasons. I can’t deal with so many theories. I need to know why you think most people commit crime. I need your advice.”
What will you tell him? I think we can probably agree that there is no one theory of crime that fits all cases. Nonetheless, what theory (or theories) do you think best explain(s) criminal behavior? On what will you base your response?
3 pages, normal fonts and margins, double-spaced, 3 outside sources.

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Categorized as Sociology

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